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Presentation: Oral

KNOWLEDGE AND ATTITUDE OF PARENTS CONCERNING CHILDREN WITH CLEFT LIP AND PALATE

Drs. IGBEN OO, MOHAMMED BI, IZE-IYAMU IN.
Preventive Dentistry, Dentistry

Contact: Paediatric Dentistry, Dept of Preventive Dentistry, University of Benin
philip.ogordi@uniben.edu

Year: 2018

Abstract:

Background: The management of cleft lip and palate is multidisciplinary and the role of parents in the management of Cleft lip and palate cannot be over emphasized. Objective: To assess the knowledge and attitude of parents towards children with Cleft Lip and Palate. Methodology: A descriptive cross-sectional study was conducted parents of children without cleft lip and palate attending University of Benin Teaching Hospital. Data collection tool was self-administered questionnaires and was analysed with the use of SPSS version 21. Statistical test was chi square and level of significance was set at P<0.05 Result: Age range was of 23-74 years with a mean age of 38.4 years. The majority were those aged between 31 to 40 years, females, married and with a tertiary level of education. On knowledge, 53.2% have poor knowledge of cleft lip and palate. Most of the respondents with good and fair knowledge 140 (95.9%) have a positive attitude towards cleft lip and palate children while only 6 (4.1%) had negative attitude towards cleft lip and palate children. Bivariate analysis of the socio-demographic factor and knowledge revealed that a greater percentage of those with tertiary level of education (28.7%) and those attending the paediatric dentistry clinic (32%) had good knowledge of cleft lip and palate. The relationship between educational status and attending clinics was statistically significant. (P<0.05) Conclusion: Knowledge concerning children with Cleft Lip and Palate in this study was poor. However the attitudes of respondents’ with good and fair knowledge of CLP is positive

Keywords: Knowledge, Attitude, Parents, Cleft lip, Cleft palate

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