The present work was undertaken to study the prevalence of prostatitis and Benign prostatic Hyperplasia (BPH) among male nuns aged 45-70 years presented at the University of Nigeria Teaching Hospital (UNTH) Ituku/ Ozalla, Enugu between 2008-2013. A total of thirty (30) paraffin processed Benign Prostatic Hyperplasia and prostatitis tissue biopsies were used. These samples were obtained by medical experts from patients who had been diagnosed of BPH and prostatitis between the years 2008-2013. Two (2) thin sections (5 microns) were obtained from each paraffin block of BPH and prostatitis and stained with Haematoxylin and Eosin (H&E). The results obtained showed that they were higher prevalence of BPH (62.34%) to prostatitis (37.80%) in UNTH from the year 2008-2013. It was also observed that the occurrence of these diseases is mostly dependent on the age of individual. The increased prevalence rate of 62.24% was seen mostly amongst monks which show significant result (p<0.05) between the ages 51-70 years while the incidence rate of prostatitis in UNTH under the period of study mostly among the monks studied is 37.80% seen among the monks/friar between 45-50 years. In conclusion, the occurrence of BPH and prostatitis depend on the age of the individual.
Keywords: Benign Prostatic Hyperplasia, Prostatitis