Contact: Department of Medical Laboratory Science, University of Benin, Benin City, Nigeria
Cocos nucifera (L.) is a member of the family Arecaceae with many useful parts. In English, it is called Coconut and the milk is often used in place of the water content (Lima et al., 2015). Coconut milk possesses anti-inflammatory, antiapoptosis, antiaging, anticarcinogen, antiatherosclerosis, cardiovascular protection and improvement of endothelial function and wound healing properties (Radenahmad et al., 2016). A research showed that fresh coconut milk protects the cardiovascular system with a substantial ability to reduce the total serum cholesterol, low-density lipoprotein, very low-density lipoprotein and triglycerides in quails and rats (Radenahmad et al., 2016). Coconut milk contained a high percentage of fructose and glucose with high quantity of protein, amino acids in form of glutamine, Arginine, lysine, leucine, proline, water, sugars as lactose, fats, vitamins like Ascorbic acid, Nicotinic acid, Biotin pantothenic acid, minerals such as nitrogen, calcium, iron, and phosphorus (Pehowich et al. 2000; Effiong, 2003). Despite the numerous activities of coconut as a medicinal crop, we are yet to see a literature centering on coconut milk maintenance of the histology of the renal and hepatic tissues and functional parameters including weight management in animal models. From the ongoing, we investigated the renal electrolytes and hepatic enzymes function including weight management and histopathology of the liver and kidney tissues in rats.
Keywords: Cocos nucifera, coconut milk, renal and hepatic functions, kidney and liver.