Contact: Department of Medical Laboratory Science, University of Benin, Benin City, Nigeria
Phoenix dactylifera (Date palm) belongs to the family Arecaceae and its leaves, barks, pits, fruits and pollens have anticancer, antioxidant, hepatoprotective, antidiabetic, anti-inflammatory, antibacterial, antifungal and antiviral activities (Lim, 2012). Dates are an important traditional crop in Iraq, Arabia, North Africa and Morocco where they are used in the treatment of various ailments/ illness including atherosclerosis and coronary heart disease (Saryono et al., 2017). The phytochemicals of the date palm suggest that the crop is rich in antioxidants, vitamins, steroids, flavonoid, saponins and simple sugars. However, the death rate caused by coronary heart disease has been widely reported all over the world, which epidemiologist linked to hypercholesterolemia as the major predisposing factor (Saryono et al., 2017). Increased level of cholesterol results in atherosclerosis due to increased atherogenic index thereby leading to poor blood circulation and subsequent to the untimely death of the heart muscle (Ghuge and Zine, 2012). The rise in total cholesterol level and low density of lipoprotein (LDL) increase the risk of coronary heart disease and has been linked to high intake of saturated fatty meals, low intensity of physical activities and unhealthy lifestyle (Madamanchi et al., 2005).
Keywords: Keywords: Date palm fruit, total cholesterol, hyperlipidemia, lipid profiles and Phoenix dactylifera