DEADLINE FOR SUBMISSION OF EXTENDED ABSTRACT IS 30TH SEPTEMBER, 2018
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Department: Pharmacology & Toxicology
Address: 1. Consultant Maxillofacial Surgeon, University of Benin Teaching Hospital, Benin-city.
Submission date: 2018-08-30 20:30:15
Periapical infections present as highly symptomatic inflammatory reactions in the periapical tissues due to the presence of bacteria introduced through the root canal system and this may result in severe life-threatening infections. These lesions are usually polymicrobial and remain a public health concern more so as the resultant pain causes unnecessary suffering, sleep disturbances and diminished productiveness and quality of life. Usual symptoms are pain, redness, swelling, heat and loss of function and these are precipitated as a response to bacterial presence and their products. Pain resulting from periapical lesions has remained the commonest reason of visit to the dentist. The periapical lesions are frequently underestimated in terms of morbidity and mortality. The risk of potential serious consequences arising from the spread from periapical lesion is still relevant today with many hospital admissions for dental sepsis. Treatment of these periapical lesions consists of removal of the source of infection by extirpation of the pulp, extracting the offending tooth with or without incision and drainage as well as systemic antibiotics as an adjunct. A rational use of antibiotics implies that those with proven efficacy against common pathogen are employed in appropriate doses.